Local Area Networks and the Internet
When a local area network is connected to the global Internet, one of the PCs, called a server, becomes a kind of conductor and connects to the Internet using a modem or in some other way, while other computers operate through it, they are also called workstations. Just like any of us has a mailing address where we receive mail letters, each computer is assigned an IP address for functioning in the Internet environment, but usually it has only a computer conductor directly connected to the Internet.
If the computer is connected through a modem, it usually receives a dynamic address from the service provider. It is assigned automatically and is valid for a specific time. While there is also a static address, a permanent address for an unlimited period of use. At least two network devices are usually connected to the gateway computer (server): a modem and a network card, so it actually has two IP addresses, real and internal, which the network card receives on the local network. Continue reading